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Victims of Female Sex Offenders. Neuroscience and Brain Stimulation

November 23, 2017

Article written by Psychologist Natalie Ramos Clarkson

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Though females occupy a relatively low percentage (<1%) of arrests when it comes to sexual offences in comparison to males, research into the effects on victims of female sex crimes is undergoing to uncover their actual impact and how it may compare to the victims of male sex offenders. Following on from the Female Sex Offending report (SEE FEMALE SEX OFFENDING), we will review some of the effects on victims of female sex offenders in accordance with the Matthews et al. (1989) typologies of female sex offenders to identify some of the neurological impacts of victims.

Brain Characteristics of Sex Offenders

Resultado de imagen de Sex Offenders brain

Source: Alice Algeria

The Teacher lover type (SEE FEMALE SEX OFFENDING REPORT) is the assault inflicted upon an adolescent in which the offender misinterprets that there is a romantic relationship between themselves and the victim. This can be a very dangerous type of perpetrator due to the victim being unaware that they are being subdued to a form of sexual abuse by the perpetrator.

Resultado de imagen de Sex Offenders brain

Elliot (2004) claims that 86% of male victims who attempted to report this type of crime suffered from extensive psychological implications due to the dismissal of their claims and the belief that these men were lying (Bexson, 2011). This was because peers and law enforcement agents struggled to accept that an adolescent male had been taken advantage of by a grown woman. This could subsequently result in the discouragement of others to report crimes of this nature, and could potentially account for lower rates of the reporting of female sex crimes (Elliot, Eldridge, Ashfield & Beech, 2010). Sarrel & Masters (1982) provide evidence that suggests that males who have experienced sexual molestation by females are unlikely to report the crime due to the actual and perceived consequences. It is known that there are biases in the legal system when it comes to reports of sexual abuse in which a female perpetrator is named. Social workers and law enforcement are more likely to overlook these reports and subsequently place children in the danger of female sex offenders, facilitating the abuse with claims not being taken as seriously.

The Intergenerationally predisposed offender (SEE FEMALE SEX OFFENDING REPORT) is a perpetrator who commits assault upon their own off-spring or child acquaintances.

 

Predisposed female sex offending can result in some of the most adverse and extensive effects on a victim (Saradijan, 2006). This shows the struggle of a victim to distinguish between nurturing and sex from a maternal figure. A victim of a predisposed abuser is usually led to believe they are responsible for the acts committed upon them and thus experience extensive feelings of shame and culpability. Furthermore, victims tend to experience severe betrayal and isolation (Saradijan, 2006). The abuse inflicted upon by this type of perpetrator will lead the victim to lose their sense of identity and suffer from considerable cognitive and learning impairment (Saradijan, 2006). Victims will often show repression and self-denial of the abuse and will later portray pervasive emotional trauma. This type of victim is most likely to develop narcissistic tendencies which can later lead to a deep and embedded rage and mistrust towards women, consequently leading them to becoming the next generation of rapists and murderers of women and children (Saridjan, 2008).

Resultado de imagen de Sex Offenders.

The Male-coerced offending (SEE FEMALE SEX OFFENDING REPORT) is the collaboration between a male and a female to commit sexually abusive activity predominantly led by the male partner in which the male and female involved are generally intimate partners.

Denov (2003) claims that most victims involved in male and female coerced abuse reported that abuse by the female party was far more damaging than that of the male. The presumed nurturing nature of a female led victims to experience stronger feelings of betrayal towards the woman. Denov (2016) also found that victims were more likely to trust males than females even though the abuse had occurred on behalf of both. The effects of this type of sex offending are very closely associated with that of the predisposed sex offending, with victims claiming they developed a need to gain power and control over a woman. Many confessed that they developed violent sexual fantasies towards women that involved revenge against the female party (Gannon, Rose & Ward, 2002). Female victims of the abuse claimed that they feared becoming women leading them to struggle with self-identity. Male victims of the abuse claimed that they experienced a loss of masculinity (Bexson, 2011). Here we see similarities of those who suffered from intergenerationally predisposed offenders in which a pattern of violence against women is developed (Denov, 2016).

There were many trends in regards to victims that suffered from abuse across all three typologies. Evidence suggests that sexual abuse enforced by a female can create severe trauma for a victim and appears to be proving to be more damaging than abuse enforced by a male perpetrator (Saradjian, 2006). We find that many victims of female sexual abuse claim that the perpetrator was a male as they find it less humiliating (Saradjian, 2006). It takes victims longer to come to terms with the abuse at hand as they remain in denial (Gannon, Rose, & Ward, 2002). Victims are more likely to repress memories of the abuse, and as a result are more susceptible to developing psychosis and dissociative identity disorder with a smaller chance of recovery (Wakefield & Underwager, 1991). Victims of female sex offenders are more likely to become sex offenders themselves. Professionals such as therapists, social workers and police officers struggle with the notion of females as sex offenders and therefore need to be trained to understand that this does and can happen regularly. The impact of female sex offences are proving to be significantly more destructive with statistics showing that over half of male victims and three quarters of female victims identifying the impact to be so severe that they remain doubtful about any chance of recovery (Bexson, 2011).

 

 

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